Data collection plays a very crucial role in the statistical analysis in research, there are different methods used to gather information, all of which fall into two categories, ie primary data, and secondary data. Monitoring process of the strategic plan data can be secondary or primary data and gathered the process of gathering data in strategic planning introduction external primary data collection can be done in various ways often it is done in holding public. However, primary data is often very time consuming to collect, and usually costs more to create than purchasing secondary data reports you must take special care when collecting primary data it needs to be relevant, current, and as unbiased as possible.
Compared to primary data, secondary data tends to be readily available and inexpensive to obtain in addition, administrative data tends to have large samples, because the data collection is comprehensive and routine. Data collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on variables of interest, in an established systematic fashion that enables one to answer stated research questions, test hypotheses, and evaluate outcomes the data collection component of research is common to all fields of study including physical and social sciences, humanities, business, etc. One can gather primary data or information through qualitative research methods as well as quantitative research methods primary market research is the most common type of a market research method and is also the most valuable type.
Baltimore’s department of planning provides reliable data to inform city officials, planning staff and community members involved in the planning decision-making process baltimore city profile: a quick one-page graphic overview of key baltimore data from the latest us american community survey (2014. Data collection and analysis methods should be chosen to match the particular evaluation in terms of its key evaluation questions (keqs) and the resources available impact evaluations should make maximum use of existing data and then fill gaps with new. Collect data there are multiple methods and tools that can be used to collect data, but you must decide which method(s) will best answer your research questions in this section, you will learn what should be considered when determining how you will collect data. As we will see, the data collection approach used depends on what the researcher determined in the steps 1-3 of the research plan that is, the optimal data collection technique is selected only after the researcher has determined the purpose, the information sought, and the basic research design method. Data collection is an extremely challenging work which needs exhaustive planning, diligent work, understanding, determination and more to have the capacity to complete the assignment effectively data collection begins with figuring out what sort of data is needed, followed by the collection of a sample from a certain section of the population.
Collect and analyze your community data after reviewing the secondary data, your team may decide that it is vital to collect first-hand or primary data based on the needs of your community, resources available, and time, your team can decide how they would like to collect this information. Data collection is nothing more than planning for and obtaining useful information on key quality characteristics produced by your process (viewgraph 1) however. Ultimately, data that is collected should be rationally connected to the goals set and the overall purpose for collecting the data step 3: plan an approach and methods in step 3, organizations will make decisions about who will be surveyed, how data will be collected, the sources of data that will be used, and the duration of the data.
Survey research, the most widely used method for primary data collection, is the approach best suited for gathering descriptive information the major advantage of survey research is its flexibility disadvantages: sometimes people are unable to answer survey questions people may be unwilling to respond to unknown interviewers or about things. Secondary data collection tools are used to assemble primary data into systems or datasets that can be used for a variety of planning efforts and analytical tasks for example, a data gateway provides a one-stop shop for multiple data types. Collecting and analyzing data helps you see whether your intervention brought about the desired results the term “significance” has a specific meaning when you’re discussing statistics the level of significance of a statistical result is the level of confidence you can have in the answer you get. Single step surveys are a means of collecting primary data from the target population where they are only contacted once an example would be a written questionnaire multi step surveys require contacting those in the target population several times to collect the necessary data.
Follow secondary data with primary data to complete your collection primary data is data collected by the person or group conducting the assessment primary source data collection methods should be used to address questions that cannot be answered by secondary sources or to gain a better understanding of a particular issue. While primary data collection is a powerful method for acquiring information, it does pose several significant problems including: cost compared to secondary research, primary data may be very expensive since there is a great deal of marketer involvement and the expense in preparing and carrying out research can be high. The source of your primary data is the population sample from which you collect the data the first step in the process is determining your target population the first step in the process is.